Aloe Vera, plant ‘for everything’
Aloe Vera: Difficult not to find a product that contains it at home. The same serves to heal wounds that to take care of your skin or to dress your salad. Its miraculous qualities have made it the star of plants.
Also known as aloe vera, aloe vera is a perennial plant with more than two hundred varieties. The most common of these is Aloe barbadensis which, in turn, has three types: miller, humilis and mitriformis.
Its thick and elongated leaves can reach 50 cm long and 7 cm thick, giving it a peculiar aspect that has made it frequent in gardens and pots as a decorative plant. However, if aloe vera has become popular for a long time, it is due to its numerous medicinal applications (healing, anti-inflammatory, laxative …) and its possibilities of use in treatments and beauty products (anti-aging, cellular regeneration …).
Where to find aloe vera
Originally aloe vera was grown in Africa, Madagascar and in certain parts of Asia. Nowadays we can find it in areas where there is usually a hot and dry climate (in fact it is cultivated a lot in the Canary Islands), since this plant does not need too much water and does not resist temperatures below 10ºC.
Composition of aloe vera
Aloe vera is present in numerous products health and beauty. This is due to its composition, rich in protective resins, vitamins, amino acids, proteins, polysaccharides, enzymes, minerals and other trace elements such as germanium, highly beneficial for health.
Within its complex composition we find:
Vitamins such as, for example, provitamin A (beta carotene), vitamin C (ascorbic acid), vitamin B2 (riboflavin) or folic acid.
Minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron or potassium).
Anthraquinones, mainly aloin (chrysophanic acid). This component of aloe vera, is precisely what allows other agents to act since it facilitates their penetration.
Essential and non-essential amino acids (glutamic acid, leucine, aspartic acid, tyrosine or histidine, among others).
Monosaccharides and polysaccharides such as cellulose, glucose, glucamannan or fructose.
Other substances such as oxidase, lignin or saponins.