Anemia Symptoms, Causes, Testing Techniques

Hereafter, we name hereditary hematologic disorders of Anemia, Anemia Symptoms, Causes, Testing Techniques.

Symptoms

• Fatigue
• Weakness
• Shortness of breath after mild exertion
• Headaches
• Dizziness or fainting
• Difficulty concentrating
• Pale skin, lips, and nail beds
• Cold extremities
• Frequent illnesses
• Cessation of menstruation

 

Root Causes (disorders)

• A poor diet, especially one that’s deficient in iron, folic acid, or vitamin B12. This category includes eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa
• Blood loss (most often from menstruation, surgery, digestive diseases, or injury)
• Chronic blood loss (commonly from bleeding ulcers, colon disorders, gum disease, or bleeding hemorrhoids)
• Pregnancy
• Inherited blood disorderliness
• An inability to absorb vitamin B12
• Poor digestion and absorption—particularly due to low stomach acid, or celiac disease

Testing Techniques

• Blood testing—complete blood count (CBC), iron, ferritin (iron stores), B12, folate
• Occult blood stool test
• Endoscopy
• Colonoscopy
• Celiac blood test

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