Types of Diets

There are literally hundreds of thousands of diets. Some are for losing weight, others for gaining weight, lowering cholesterol, living a long and healthy life, etc.

A diet can be described as a set course of eating and drinking. In which the kind and amount of food one should eat is been planned out in order to achieve weight loss or follow a certain lifestyle.

An individual’s diet is the sum of food and drink that he or she habitually consumes.
People’s dietary choices are often affected by a variety of factors. Including ethical and religious beliefs, clinical need, or a desire to control weight.

Not all diets are considered healthy. Some people follow unhealthy diets through habit, rather than through a conscious choice to eat unhealthily.

Many diets are considered by clinicians to pose significant health risks and minimal long-term benefit.
Muchas dietas son consideradas por los médicos para plantear riesgos de salud significativos y un beneficio mínimo a largo plazo.

You’ll find that many people think of “diet” as a dirty word. Frequently associated with depriving oneself for the sake of weight loss. Correcting an imbalance like high cholesterol or diabetes.
“Diet” simply refers to the kind of food you eat, and it is a synonym of “nourishment”. Rather than thinking of dieting as deprivation, think of it as a means for feeling and being healthier.

When choosing a diets program the problem is it can be overwhelming trying to choose between so many similar programs, and also those that seem to contradict one another.

With so many diet options to choose from, it can be hard to find a diet plan to suit you. Read on as nutritional experts sound off on today’s most popular diet plans.

The results include the the best weight-loss diets.

a- The best diets overall.

b- The best heart-healthy diets.

c- The best diets for diabetes.

d- The best commercial diets.

1- Atkins Diet:

This is the diet that is single-handedly responsible for the low-carb craze, and is almost synonymous with a low-carb lifestyle. They’ve tried to distance themselves and broaden the diet so that it can avoid the low-carb label. But at its heart that’s what it still is, and it still comes with its list of allowed and disallowed foods.

2- The Zone Diet:

The “zone” refers to getting your body in the state where you feel energetic, alert, and at your best. He proposes getting there by eating the right mixture of proteins, carbs, and fats, as well as supplementing with fish oil.

3- Vegetarian Diet:

The term vegetarian generally means a person who does not consume animal products; this includes land and sea animals. Most vegetarians generally do consume eggs and dairy products (milk products).
Somebody who does not consume any animal protein at all, not even eggs, dairy, or honey, is a vegan. Some people call themselves vegetarians, but they consume fish.

The main types of vegetarians are:

• Lacto-vegetarians – they consume dairy products, but no eggs. Most do consume honey.
• Ovo-vegetarians – they consume eggs, but no dairy. Most do consume honey.
• Lacto-ovovegetarians – they consume eggs and dairy. Most do consume honey.
• Vegans – only consume plant-based foods (no dairy, eggs or honey)
• Fruitarian diet: A diet which predominantly consists of raw fruit.

4- Mediterranean Diet:

Research suggests that the Mediterranean diet is protective against heart disease and can improve the way your body processes blood sugar and insulin, reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes. This diet emphasizes eating healthy fats (think omega-3 fatty acids) as well as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, seafood, nuts and legumes, and olive oil.
The Mediterranean diet also allows red wine, low-fat dairy (such as yogurt), eggs, and meat all in moderation. Flavoring food with herbs and spices in place of salt is also encouraged.
The Mediterranean diet positively affects blood sugar and blood pressure as well as cholesterol.

5- South Beach Diet:

Created by Florida-based cardiologist Arthur Agatston, MD, this heart-healthy weight-loss plan includes three phases and involves cutting out processed carbs and focusing on lean protein, low-fat dairy, and good carbs — whole grains, vegetables, and fruit — as a way to lose weight, get healthy, and reduce cravings.

6- DASH Diet:

Recommended by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) Diet aims to control hypertension and promote overall health through foods that are low in sodium and high in potassium, calcium, magnesium, fiber, and lean proteins. Dieters are encouraged to eat nuts, seeds, legumes, fish, lean meats, lean poultry, fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy.

7- Weight Watchers Diet:

Known for its famous point system, Weight Watchers focuses on eating a balanced diet, eating in moderation, and eating the foods you want. Every food has an assigned number of points, depending on its calorie count and how much fat and fiber it contains.
The Weight Watchers program includes regular meetings, learning sessions, group support, and a very effective points system.

8- Dukan Diet:

The Dukan Diet was developed by French nutritionist and medical doctor Pierre Dukan. Over ten years ago and has gained incredible popularity since its creation.
Often described as the French version of the Atkins Diet, the Dukan Diet emphasizes meals that are high-protein, low-carb, and low-fat. The diet is designed so that you won’t feel hungry. You can choose from 100 different foods and you’re allowed to eat as much of them as you want. You don’t have to count calories. Its biggest draw is its pronto weight-loss promise: that you can lose up to seven to 10 pounds in the first five days. Keep them off.

9- The Macrobiotic Diet:

Macrobiotics is a philosophy of life centered around a diet originally brought to this country from Japan by George Osawa. It has been expanded upon and shared with many by teachers and authors Michio and Aveline Kushi, a Japanese couple living in the Boston area, and by the magazine East West Journal.

A macrobiotic diet consists almost exclusively of cooked foods. Raw foods are felt to be difficult to digest and too cooling for our system. A minimum of fruits is consumed, less than 5 percent of the diet, and most of those should be cooked. Dairy foods and eggs are usually avoided; the only animal products recommended are whitefish such as halibut, trout, and sole, and these are also kept to less than 5 percent of the diet. Thus, it is primarily a vegetarian, almost vegan, diet, but it seems to contain more protein and nutrients than the standard vegetarian cuisine.

Followers of the traditional macrobiotic approach believe that food and food quality powerfully affect health, well-being, and happiness, and that a traditional, locally based macrobiotic diet has more beneficial effects than others. The modern macrobiotic approach suggests choosing food that is less processed.

10- Paleolithic diet:

The Paleolithic diet (also called the paleo diet, caveman diet or stone-age diet) is based mainly on foods presumed to be available to Paleolithic humans.

The diet consists of foods that can be hunted and fished, such as meat and seafood, and foods that can be gathered, such as eggs, nuts, seeds, fruits, vegetables, herbs and spices. It’s a regime based on the supposed eating habits of our hunter-gatherer ancestors during the paleolithic era. Before the development of agriculture around 10,000 years ago. That means cereal grains including wheat, dairy, refined sugar, potatoes and salt, as well as anything processed, are strictly off the menu. There is no official “paleo diet”, but it is generally seen as a low-carb, high-protein diet, with some variations on carbohydrate and meat intake. Advocates say the paleo diet is a long-term healthy eating plan that can help you lose weight and reduce your risk of diabetes, heart disease, cancer and other health problems.

11- The Mayo Clinic Diet:

Created by the world-renowned Mayo Clinic in Minnesota, this diet is based on achieving long-term weight management. The key principles focus on healthful eating and portion sizes, physical activity, realistic weight-loss goals, and motivation.
If you’re more interested in adopting a common-sense lifestyle that may help you trim down and maintain a healthier weight, without fad dieting or drastic weight loss, then you may find the Mayo Clinic Diet appealing.

12- Pritikin Diets:

The late nutritionist Nathan Pritikin first introduced his low-fat Pritikin Program for Diet and Exercise in 1979, a plan he originally developed for himself to combat heart disease.
The Pritikin Principle is a super-low-fat diet.

In a traditionally healthy diet, fat makes up 20 to 30 percent of what you eat. The Pritikin weight-loss program keeps fat under 10 percent. The idea behind this diet is that if you stick to it, you can eat as much as you want and still lose weight.
This weight-loss program gets most of its calories from carbohydrates and restricts processed foods, fats, caffeine, sweets, and alcohol.

The Pritikin Program was often described by Nathan Pritikin, its creator, as “mankind’s original meal plan.” That’s because the focus of the Pritikin diet is unprocessed or minimally processed straight-from-nature foods like fruits, vegetables, legumes (such as black beans and pinto beans), whole grains such as brown rice, starchy vegetables like potatoes and yams, lean meat, and seafood.