Introduction to Makeup Types of Makeup
If you know nothing about makeup, or if you’re learning about makeup types and you need a review of the basics, consider this your introduction to makeup and the world of various products makeup types.
Makeup types can be classified into three categories: everyday, medical and theatrical. These categories include items that improve the appearance of or highlights the face, eyes, lips or nails. Some are designed to be used with other makeup types.
Several makeup categories exist. The most common group includes everyday products worn to enhance natural appearance. Some items also fall into the medical category and are used for things like covering scars or reducing the visibility of rashes. The last group is theatrical, television and film makeup, which actors and actresses use so their features look better in bright or harsh stage lights. Within each of the three general classifications, individuals may use products designed for facial skin, the eyes, lips or nails, including lipstick, foundation, blush, mascara, eyeshadow, eyeliner, nail polish and complimentary products.
This is not technically a cosmetic, but it’s an important part of any makeup routine, so we’re going to include it, and we’re going to include it first, because it’s one of the first things you should do after cleaning your face in the morning.
A moisturizer is any mixture that protects skin by keeping it hydrated: it keeps you from developing wrinkles, retains the water and oils in your skin so that the wrinkles that you do have don’t look exaggerated, it keeps you getting acne, and it provides a reliable base for your makeup.
Basically, there are two different types of moisturizers:
• Before you put on your makeup.
• Before you go to sleep.
Primer is applied after your moisturizer, but before your foundation (that’s why it’s sometimes called a “foundation primer”).
It has two main purposes:
to provide a smooth base on which your makeup can rest.
to dramatically Increase the longevity of your makeup.
But it can do a lot more:
Seal pores: foundation makeup makes pores less visible.
Smooth fine lines: By filling in gaps in your epidermis, it makes your skin appear flat and smooth.
Help solve pigmentation issues.
Reduce redness and cover acne.
Primers are sold as creams, gels, and powders, although most people like to use the cream variety.
Foundation, also known as base, goes on the skin to smooth out the complexion, cover flaws and blemishes and create an even skin tone. It comes in various colors, coverage types and formulations. Some formulas are oil and emollient based, but these foundations are falling out of favor with many women because they can clog pores. Powder types are lighter than oil-based kinds, provide greater coverage and adhere to the skin more readily. Mineral foundation has become extremely popular around the world due to its light weight and superior coverage.
4• BB Cream, aka Beauty Balm Cream:
The idea of BB creams was to create a product that would be an “all-in-one” cosmetic product: instead of using a moisturizer, and then a primer, and then a foundation, and then a concealer, you could just use a BB cream and be on your way. The product is created to have it all, and it has moisturizing agents like hyaluronic acid and glycerin, anti-aging agents like Vitamins A, C, and E, silicon additives that flatten wrinkles and craters, and pigments that create a uniform skin tone.
5• Setting Powder:
Is a product that you use after your foundation. It’s a mattifying cosmetic, and it’s a great base for you to apply bronzer, blush, and whatever else comes next. It can be translucent or it can have a tone that matches your skin color.
It hides acne, blemishes, dark circles, scars, rosacea, broken blood vessels, and whatever else you don’t want the world to see.
It’s a thick cosmetic, thicker than foundation, that provides spot-coverage for blemishes and skin imperfections. It’s heavily pigmented, but comes in a range of colors to match any skin tone, and usually produced to be very long-lasting.
Blush, also known as rouge, adds color to the cheekbones to create a rosy, youthful look. It is usually made of talcum-based powder with pigment added, and people apply it with a soft brush. Some blushes are more like a cream or pressed foundation and go on with a soft sponge applicator.
Women are more likely to wear blush today, but historically, both genders have worn it.
People apply eyeshadow to the eyelids and under the eyebrows to draw attention to the eyes and make them look attractive. It complements the natural color of the eye and creates depth and dimension. Manufacturers generally use mica and powder to make it. Although both genders around the world use this item, in the Western world, people view eyeshadow as a woman’s cosmetic.
Eyeliner is a makeup applied across the eyelids along where the lashes grow out. It is shaped like a pencil with a very soft tip. It comes in wax, powder and liquid forms. When used alone or in conjunction with eyeshadow, it defines the eyes. This item has associations with the Gothic, emo and other alternative fashion subcultures, especially when worn heavily.
Mascara goes on the eyelashes to make them appear longer, thicker, darker and fuller. It is available in the form of a liquid or cream and goes on with a small applicator wand. Invented by French perfumer Eugene Rimmel in the 19th century, it originally was made by mixing coal dust and petroleum jelly, but today it is most commonly made from wax thickeners, water and pigment.
The first piece of makeup that people reach for when they start using makeup is lipstick.
First, the basics: lipsticks (as well as lip stain, lip liner, and lip gloss) add color and tone and texture to the lips.
The come in three finishes: matte, satin, and gloss. They’re usually waterproof and come as sticks, although there are varieties that you can apply with a brush, a rollerball, or your fingers.
Some types of makeup are complimentary, meaning people usually use them with other products. An example is concealer, which people apply prior to a foundation to hide blemishes and imperfections. Facial powder is another example. It goes on top of foundation and sets it, providing a matte finish. Individuals also use lip liner, which is similar to lipstick but which is applied only on the outer edges of the lips to prevent lipstick from “bleeding” outward onto the skin.
Order of makeup application:
1- You use moisturizer to take care of your skin.
2- You use primer to prepare your skin for makeup.
3- You use foundation to create a sort of blank page for you to put the rest of your makeup on. Foundation will even out any inconsistency in shade, and leave you with a uniform facial skin tone. And that’s a good thing, because it gives you a blank canvas on which to add color to your face.
You use eye foundation to get your eyes ready for eyeshadow, and lip primer to get your lips ready for lipstick.
You use the rest of your makeup to make your face come alive.
Contour and highlighter will add dimension and depth to your face by creating the appearance of light and shadows, and bronzer and blush will add color.
You use a setting spray to keep everything together.