Skin Cells – Tips for the care of each type of skin

Identifying your skin type is crucial to choosing the products that will give you the maximum benefits and results. What happens to dead skin cells?

Cleansing And Moisturising Tips: (slough away dead skin cells)

• Cleansing should be the first step of your skincare routine. It should be thorough, but it should also be gentle.
A light-easy-to-smooth formula is ideal. Warm it in the palm of your hand first, then massage it gently into the skin before wiping it off with a soft facial tissue or cotton ball. Never drag the skin.
• Oils such as jojoba and grapeseed are rich in vitamins and minerals. They will both cleanse and moisturise the skin effectively without making it too greasy.Face masks are a very effective way of removong impurities.
• Steam cleansing your face with a herbal infusion will increase the efficacy of the steam and leave your skin clean, refreshed and glowing.

• When applying moisturiser, dab it onto the skin, then gently massage it in. Try not to drag the skin when you do so.
• There is a vast array of exfoliating equipment available in the market which help slough away dead skin cells, revealing newer, fresh ones beneath. When deciding to buy, look first at those made from natural fibres, which tend to be gentler on the skin than artificial materials. It is important to keep exfoliating equipment clean and dry when not in use, because bacteria can grow amongst the damp fibres. Nylon-scrubs have the advantage of being machine-washable.

Tips For Normal Skin

• Do wash your face twice a day; once in the morning and again before you go to bed. Regularly clean your skin with a good cleanser. Remove all your makeup before going to sleep. Makeup will clog the pores if left on for too long, which can cause acne to develop.
• For normal skin, cleansing, toning, nourishing should be done regularly.
• Use light make up. If using heavy make up, avoid make up and let your skin breathe at least once a week.
• Always Moisturize your skin. This will prevent dehydration and wrinkles.

• Exfoliating removes dead skin cells, which in turn promotes the growth of new, healthy skin cells, and leaves your skin looking smoother.
• Always use a sunscreen before going out in the sun. Use a moisturizer that has an SPF of at least 15 or use a sun screen in conjunction with your moisturizer.
• Drink 8 glasses of water daily.
• Use a face mask once a week.
• Don’t Tan or allow over exposure to sun and harsh conditions.
• Don’t wash your face with hard soaps. Use a good mild cleanser instead.

Tips For Dry Skin

• To care effectively for dry skin means ensuring the products that you use contain no drying ingredients like alcohol or soap.
• Choose creamy or milky cleansers that will add moisture and leave a fine film that boosts skin protection. If you must use soap, choose glycerin-based ones that also coat the skin.
• You also need to exfoliate. One of the reasons why dry skin tends to look dull is that its cell renewal process has been slowed and dead skin cells stick to the surface of the skin. Using a cleanser with alpha-hydroxy acids can help beat this. Apply them everyday for a week, then rest for 1-2 weeks. In between, use a gentle facial scrub to remove dead skin cells and boost skin tone.

• The moisturizing cream use two types of ingredients to hydrate the skin – humectants that attract moisture to the skin and ingredients that help reinforce that protective barrier. Choose products that include both. Moisturizers are best applied when the skin is moist, such as after bathing.
• Look for ingredients such as hyaluronic acid, glycerin or sorbitol (which are humectants) and lactic acid, collagen, petrolatum and lanolin (which are emollients). Choosing moisturizers that are high in water will also help the skin look and feel hydrated. Apply the moisturizer at least twice daily – more if your skin still feels dry and taut.
• Using your gentle facial scrub, rub the skin in a circular motion. Concentrate on areas like the nose and forehead. Some scrubs can dry the skin out, so rinse well.

• Cleanse the skin with a milky cleanser. Doing this after exfoliation will help remove any deep-down grime rather than just polishing the dead skin cells on the surface. Wipe it away with cotton wool; it’s less absorbent than tissue and so will leave more protection on the skin. Also cleanse thoroughly at night to remove makeup.
• Apply a Sunscreen daily. A good sunscreen is an absolute must for women who venture outdoors. You may also look out for a herbal formulation that contains moisturizing ingredients like Aloe Vera, coconut butter and herbal oils.
• At night use an Age Diminishing Cream with vitamin E that hydrates and replenishes the skin.

PCA skin smoothing toner (7.0 fl oz / 206.5 ml) PCA skin acne gel (1.0 fl oz / 29.5 ml) PCA skin C&E strength (1.0 oz / 28 g)

Tips For Dry Skin

• Eliminate any unnecessary products from your skincare regime.
• All you really need for good skin is a cleanser, a moisturizer with a sunscreen and, depending on your age, an eye cream. Everything else is superfluous – and, in the case of harsh products like alcohol-based cleansers and toners, retinols and alpha-hydroxy acids, may cause more problems than they solve.
• Make sure you avoid products containing ingredients most likely to cause sensitivity. These are usually fragrances, colors and preservatives (particularly formaldehyde), though technically you could be sensitive to anything. One relatively painless way of reducing the risk, is to use only those products from ranges that say they are hypoallergenic. Natural products may suit you, as they often containing calming ingredients like chamomile, cornflower, milk and liquorice.

• Treat your skin with care. Make sure you cleanse gently to remove make-up at the end of the day as reactions tend to occur when you overexpose your skin to any product. Use very light, creamy cleansers or, preferably, facial wipes, which minimize your contact with product ingredients. Restrict cleansing to once a day to help maintain the skin’s own protection. Use a specialist eye make-up remover, as facial cleansers may include ingredients that will irritate your eyes.

Tips For Combination Skin

• Avoid bar soaps and bar cleansers as they tend to dry up the skin. Use gel based cleansers or mildly foaming cleansers which are gentle and mild.
• Avoid using different toners for different areas of your skin. If you opt for a toner apply it all over your face if is non-greasy. Thus water and glycerin based toners are best for combination skins but make sure that they have lots of anti-oxidants in them.
• Use sunscreen everyday. Sunscreen lotions with SPF 26 and in a non-oily base is ideal for combination skins.
• Exfoliation of combination skin is a must. Use a beta hydroxy acid (BHA / salicylic acid) product which only exfoliates the surface of skin it also exfoliates inside the pore to improve its shape and function.

• It’s best to avoid harsh cleansers that are formulated for oily skin or milky cleansers that are formulated for dry skin and instead use a moisturizing cleansing bar or facial wash. The foaming action of these will help strip through the oil on the greasier parts of your skin but won’t dehydrate the cheeks at the same time. After cleansing, use a gentle exfoliator.
• The final step in your skincare program is your moisturizer.
During the day, when beating the shine is what counts, you should use mattifying products to soak up the sebum produced in your T-zone without drying out your cheeks.
At night, choose oil-free creams or light moisture lotions which will supply your cheeks with extra hydration without over-stimulating the oil in your T-zone.

Tips For Oily Skin

• People with oily skin or acne should wash with a gentle cleanser morning and evening.
• Wash with salicylic acid. “Cleansers that contain salicylic acid penetrate into the pores and help remove fats that clog the pores and lead to blackheads.
• Use a retinoid at night. Whether over-the-counter or prescription, retinoid products decrease oil production in the skin. This helps reduce blackheads and may lower sebum production.
• Use oil-free foundations. To avoid creating more of a shine and potentially clogging pores, make sure your foundation is oil-free. Use a powder blush instead of a cream formula for the same reasons.

• Use blotting paper. Washing your face during the day can be difficult, especially for women who wear makeup. Instead, dermatologists recommend blotting paper. You can absorb the extra oil without washing your face, and they are not irritating to the skin.
• Don’t use creamy or milk cleansers. These types of cleansers deposit unnecessary lipids(oils), on the skin, which can make you feel even oilier. Better to stick with salicylic acid or glycolic cleansers, or gentle liquid cleansers such as Cetaphil.
• Moisturize. Use an oil-free moisturizer with SPF 30.

*Skin Cells – Epidermis